Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a country at the center of the Indochinese peninsula in Southeast Asia. With a total area of approximately 513,000 km2 (198,000 sq mi), Thailand is the world's 50th-largest country.
Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.
According to statistics, Thailand had a population of 68,863,514 as of 2016. Thailand's population is largely rural, concentrated in the rice-growing areas of the central, northeastern, and northern regions. Thailand had an urban population of 45.7% as of 2010, concentrated mostly in and around the Bangkok Metropolitan Area.
There are about 7 million Taiwanese and Chinese people in Thailand. In order to make overseas compatriots get together to help each other, and be able to form close relationship among them, there are approximately 600 overseas compatriot associations of different attributes in the region. In addition, overseas compatriots in general take education affairs of the next generation particularly seriously. In the hope of promoting traditional Chinese characters and Taiwan’s diverse cultural learning, there are 119 overseas compatriot schools in Thailand in close collaboration with the OCAC to pass down the important cultural heritage of mankind.